With Type 2 diabetes, the #body becomes resistant to insulin which is the body’s hormone that process sugars that you eat. This stage of diabetes is called insulin-resistant or insulin sensitivity. The beta cell of the pancreas secretes insulin when the blood-sugar increases after eating. It allows the sugar in the bloodstream to enter into the cells where it immediately gets converted to body fuel or energy and is stored for later use.
If eating always results in a sharp spike of your blood-sugar levels, your insulin level becomes chronically elevated. Over time, your body will eventually become deaf to the signal sent by insulin. When this happens, blood cells can’t get the message to let the blood sugar in and so it remains in the blood. To overcome this condition, the pancreas needs to produce more insulin. At some point, the pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin, and the blood-sugar gradually increases can causes the Type 2 diabetes.
Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes
1. Being Obese or Overweight
The primary risk factor is being overweight. The fatty tissue is proportional to the cell resistance to insulin, so it is really important to stay at a healthy weight. If your abdomen is storing excess fat, you are at greater risk than people who have fat in their hips and thighs.
You should determine your waist-to-hip ratio. You can do it by measuring your natural waist, immediate above of belly button, and the widest part across the buttocks. Then divide the waist measurement by hip measurement to get the ratio. The optimal ratio is shown here:
2. Too Much Carbohydrates
We have been told for the last 50 years to eat more complex carbohydrates and less saturated fat. Even with diabetes, people have recommended that 50% to 60% of your daily calories should come from complex carbs. These incorrect dietary recommendations are partly the reason diabetes rates are shooting sky-high these days.
The fact is that all carbs that are not fiber quickly get metabolized into simple sugars like glucose and fructose. If you are in the pre-diabetic or diabetic stages, you should not overload your body with carbs.
3. Sugary Drinks
Sugary drinks like soft drinks, energy drinks, sweetened teas, coffees, sports drinks, fruit juices, and fruit drinks are the top risk facts for diabetics. Artificially sweetened drinks are also harmful for diabetics.
Studies of over 22 years and with 114,000 #health professionals showed that the people who drink a sugary soft drink even once a day have about a 30% higher risk than others who drink less than once a month. Even those who drink fruit juice at least once a day have a 21% higher risk than those who drink juice less than once a week.
In this regard, you should avoid glucose and even fructose because there are higher concentrations of fructose in fruit juice and sweetened drinks. There is also high amounts of fructose in agave nectar, corn syrup, and even honey that increase your risk.
The less active someone is, the higher their risk of diabetes. Physical activity helps to control weight and convert glucose to energy. If you stay inactive, your cells will gradually lose sensitivity to insulin.
A study from the National Cancer Institute shows that people who stay idle more than seven hours a day have 61% higher risk of cardiovascular disease and 22% higher risk of cancer as well as diabetes, even if they exercise daily. These risks are drastically lower for those who are idle less than one hour a day.
People who never exercise are at sever risk of disease and observation concludes that they can even die from these risks. Therefore, you need to know about diabetic risk factors so that you can prevent it. Otherwise, it may be too late and instead of prevention, you will just have to learn to control the disease.
- No Exercise? No Problem: Losing Weight Through Diet Alone - July 31, 2016
- 4 Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes You Should Know By Now (#3 is too obvious) - December 3, 2015